soteriology n : the branch of Christian theology that deals with salvation as the effect of a divine agency
EtymologyFrom Ancient Greek ‘salvation’.
- The study or doctrine of salvation.
Soteriology is branch of theology that deals with salvation. It is derived from the Greek sōtērion (salvation) (from sōtēr savior, preserver) + English -logy. The term itself can be used to refer to any kind of religion, and no saviour figure or figures are required. Soteriology is a key factor that distinguishes religion from philosophy.
Christian soteriology specifically deals with how Jesus' life and death brings salvation to people. The Roman Catholic view is that man greatly insulted God and that Jesus' death pays the debt to justice. Roman Catholics believe that they receive this justice through sanctifying grace in the sacrament of baptism. These beliefs are based in the Bible, one of the main passages being John 3:14:
"The Son of man must be lifted up, that whosoever believeth in Him may not perish, but may have life everlasting."
soteriology in Catalan: Soteriologia
soteriology in Czech: Soteriologie
soteriology in German: Soteriologie
soteriology in Spanish: Soteriología
soteriology in French: Sotériologie
soteriology in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Soteriologia
soteriology in Italian: Soteriologia
soteriology in Dutch: Soteriologie
soteriology in Polish: Soteriologia
soteriology in Portuguese: Soteriologia
soteriology in Romanian: Soteriologie
soteriology in Slovak: Soteriológia
soteriology in Serbian: Сотериологија
soteriology in Finnish: Soteriologia
soteriology in Swedish: Soteriologi
soteriology in Walloon: Soteriyolodjeye
soteriology in Chinese: 救贖論